Civil rights activist Rosa Parks was born on February 4, 1913, in Tuskegee, Alabama.  Taught to read at an early age by her mother, Rosa attend segregated one-room school houses in Pine Level, Alabama.  African-American students were forced to walk to school grades 1 through 6, while white students were provided transportation by the city.  In 1929, in the 11th Rosa dropped out of school to care for her sick mother and grandmother; and took a job at a shirt factory. 

 

Martin Luther King Jr. was born on January 15, 1929, in Atlanta GA.  At birth, he was given the name Michael King Jr.; his father Martin Luther King Sr. changed his name to Martin Luther in honor of the German reformer Martin Luther.  As a Baptist Minister King became a civil rights activist early in his career. He led the Montgomery Alabama Bus Boycott in 1955. He also he helped organize and led many other non-violent protest marches including the march on Washington D.C., where he delivered his famous “I Have a Dream Speech”, in 1963. On October 14, 1964, he received the Nobel Peace Prize for combating racial inequality through nonviolence.   He was assassinated at the age of 39, by James Earl Ray in Memphis Tennessee on the balcony at the Lorraine Hotel. Dr. King was in Memphis supporting the sanitation workers strike. James Earl Ray died in prison at age 70 while serving a ninety-nine (99) year sentence. Hatred killed the dreamer, but love kept the dream alive.

   

Harry Tyson Moore (November 18, 1905 – December 25, 1951) was an African-American educator, a pioneer leader of the Civil Rights Movement, and founder of the first branch of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) in Brevard County, Florida.  Harry T. Moore and his wife, Harriette Vida Simms Moore, also an educator, were the victims of a bombing of their home in Mims, Florida on Christmas night 1951. He died in an ambulance on the way to a hospital in Seminole County while she died January 3, 1952 at the hospital in Sanford, Florida.

Forensic work in 2005-6 resulted in the naming of the probable perpetrators as four Ku Klux Klan members, all long dead by the time of the investigation. [1] The Moore’s were the first NAACP members to be murdered for civil rights activism; Moore has been called the first martyr of the early stage of the Civil Rights Movement.  n the early 1930s Moore, had become state secretary for the Florida chapter of the NAACP. Through his registration activities, he greatly increased the number of members, and he worked on issues of housing and education. 

Daniels had answered Martian Luther King’s call for northern clergy to come to Alabama and join the voter rights march from Selma to Montgomery.  He stayed and worked with SNCC and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference to register black voters, help integrate St. Paul’s Episcopal Church in Selma, and improve quality of life for poor African Americans. Jonathan Daniels, a white seminary student from New Hampshire, traveled to Selma, Alabama, in 1965 to help with voter registration of black residents. After the voting rights marches, he remained in Alabama, in the area known as “Bloody Lowndes,” an extremely dangerous area for white freedom fighters, to assist civil rights workers.

    

He investigated lynching’s, filed lawsuits against voter registration barriers and white primaries, and worked for equal pay for black teachers in public schools.Moore also led the Progressive Voters League. Following a 1944 US Supreme Court ruling against white primaries, between 1944 and 1950, he succeeded in increasing the registration of black voters in Florida to 31 percent of those eligible to vote, markedly higher than in any other Southern state. In 1946 he and his wife were fired from the public-school system because of his activism; he worked full-time for the NAACP.......To Read More 

                                                                 Civil Right Activists

Rosa Parks

Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

I Have a Dream

The whirlwinds of revolt will continue to shake the foundations of our nation until the bright day of justice emerges.  But there is something that I must say to my people who stand on the warm threshold which leads into the palace of justice.  In the process of gaining our rightful place we must not be guilty of wrongful deeds.  Let us not seek satisfy our thirst for freedom by drinking from the cup of bitterness and hatred.  We must forever conduct our struggle on the high pane of dignity and discipline.  We must not allow our creative protest to degenerate into physical violence.  Again and again we must rise to majestic heights of meeting physical force with soul force....................To Read More Click on Link 

Five months later, Jonathan Daniels was shot and killed by “a shotgun wielding construction worker named Tom Coleman” while saving the life of Ruby Sales, a black teenager. She recalled how they were arrested and herded onto a garbage truck in Ft. Deposit for the trip to the jail in Hayneville.  She still remembers the jail’s filthy water, lice-ridden mattresses, and “a stench that just seemed to envelop everything.”

  She shared her memory of the day the group was unexpectedly released and forced off the jail property at gunpoint.  Daniels and three others – Father Richard Morrisroe, Ruby Sales, and Joyce Bailey had gone ahead to a local store where Tom Coleman confronted them with a shotgun as they approached.  Daniels pulled Sales out of the line of fire just as Coleman pulled the trigger.  Daniels took the full force of the shotgun blast and died instantly.  Morrisroe and Bailey turned to run and Coleman fired again wounding the Catholic priest.

  Once they determined that the shooting had stopped, they “began running up and down the street pounding on doors, begging for someone to call an ambulance.  No one in that white community would answer,” said House. “Eventually, Stokley Carmichael and others from the SNCC office (in Selma) came to pick us up, and an ambulance came for Father Morrisroe.”

August 20, 2013

  At the 15th Annual Jonathan Daniels Pilgrimage Draws 300 Participants “I'll go, I'll go, 'If the Lord Need Somebody, here am I, Send Me, I'll Go.”  These haunting lyrics, soulfully sung a cappella, punctuated the roll call of the martyrs of Alabama’s civil rights movement during a moving worship service in the Lowndes County Courthouse Saturday, Aug. 10.

Pastor Jonathan Daniels

CivIn 1932, at age 19, Rosa met and married Raymond Parks, a barber and an active member of the N... With Raymond's support, Rosa earned her high school degree in 1933. She soon became actively involved in civil rights issues by joining the Montgomery chapter of the NAACP. December 1, 1955, after a long day's work Rosa boarded bus for home. Her refusal to surrender her seat to a white passenger; that resulted in her arrest. Her arrest led to the historical city-wide bus boycott, led by Dr. Martin Luther King Jr. After suffering much physical abuse by police and white segregationist, the public transportation buses were desegregated.

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